Hi, I’m Liam McLoughlin, and for all my sins, I’m a political researcher.
Lived in Cambridge. I moved to Preston. I now live in Manchester.
I have a fairly substantial video games collection. I also abuse technology a lot.
Talking of games. My handle, Leelum, is a tag I’ve been using online since I was 14.
I take photos, Film & Digital.
I make some fairly idiotic comments. I sometimes write longer idiotic comments too.
I used to work for a fairly well known Member of Parliament.
After that I spent a bit of time working in digital marketing.
My PhD looked at how social media is changing political representation in the UK
You are free to read my stuff or send me a message.
Hey there! My name is Liam, and for what feels like the last decade, I’ve been interested in the ways in which new communication platforms have changed the way we conduct politics. In particular, how social media has changed the communication between citizens and those who seek to represent them. This research has also led me to analyse how the internet has made political communication more aggressive, and in some instances, abusive.
I am also interested in research that looks into everyday political communication within online communities such as Twitter, Reddit or Discord. And the use of social media by state institutions, such as The Houses of Parliament, in the promotion of their work to citizens. If you asked me to summarise my research area into five key research areas, I’d probably go with (but not limited to) Political Communication; Social Media; MPs & Parliament; Social News; & Representation.
I’m also more than aware that academic research best benefits society when it’s read by more than the academic bubble. Hence the blog, but also some of my media appearances. I’ve spoken about my research to the NewStateman, New Scientist, Hits Radio, and GP.SE. In addition, I have also written multiple articles on The Conversation. I’m occasionally also on BBC 5Live’s Question Time Extra time, making five appearances on the show so far as an in-studio commentator (or Extra Timer). If you’re a journalist or producer, I’m more than available for interviews or to provide a comment on your article … just sayin’.
McLoughlin, L., & Southern, R. (2020). By Any Memes Necessary? Small political acts, incidental exposure and memes during the 2017 UK General Election. British Journal of Politics and International Relations. DOI: 10.1177/1369148120930594
Ward, S. & McLoughlin, L. (2020). Turds, Traitors and Tossers: The Abuse of UK MPs Via Twitter. Journal of Legislative Studies. DOI:10.1080/13572334.2020.1730502
McLoughlin, L., Ward, S., & Lomas, D.W.B. (2020). ”Hello World!”: GCHQ, Twitter and Social Media Engagement. Intelligence and National Security. DOI:10.1080/02684527.2020.1713434
McLoughlin, L., Ward, S., Gibson, R., & Southern, R. (2019). A Tale of Three Tribes: UK MPs, Twitter and the EU Referendum Campaign, Information Polity. DOI:10.3233/IP-190140
Rodgers, S., Ballatore, A., McLoughlin, L., & Moore, S. (2022). Facebook City: Ambiguities between Commercial Platform and Ordinary Urban Communication Infrastructure. Paper presented to the
9th European Communication Conference, ECREA, ‘Rethink Impact’, Aarhus, Denmark, 19-22 October.
Ward, S., Southern, R., McLoughlin, L. & Harmer, E. (2022). Why Don’t You Do Some Real Reporting? Online Incivility and Abuse Towards Political Journalists. Paper presented to the Political Studies Association’s Annual International Conference, University of York, 11-13 April.
Rodgers, S., McLoughlin, L., Ballatore, A., Moore, S. (2021). LOCALIZING CONTENT MODERATION: APPROACHING THE ORIENTATIONAL SPACES OF FACEBOOK GROUP ADMINS AND MODS. AoIR Selected Papers of Internet Research, 2021. https://doi.org/10.5210/spir.v2021i0.12236
McLoughlin, L. (2021). Conceptualising Content Moderation. Paper presented to the Political Studies Association’s Annual International Conference, Queen’s University Belfast, 29-31 March.
McLoughlin, L. (2020). Towards a greater understanding of what is, and what isn’t allowed on the internet. Paper presented to the PSA ECN #BecauseTheInternet virtual Conference. (https://becausetheinternet.psaecn.co.uk/), 13-24 July.
McLoughlin, L., & Ward, S. (2019). Light in the Darkness? Data Activism and the Campaign Against the Rise of Dark Ads. Paper presented to the Political Studies Association Election, Public Opinion and Parties Conference, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, 13-15 September.
McLoughlin, L., & Ward, S. (2019). Dark Ads & Micro-Targeting versus Pro-Transparency Activism: Normalisation versus Equalisation in the Context of Political ‘Dark’ Advertising in the UK GE2017, UK EU Referendum, and the 2016 US Presidential Election. Paper Presented to the European Consortium of Political Research Joint Sessions, Université catholique de Louvain, Mons, Belgium. 8-12 April.
McLoughlin, L. & Ward, S. (2018). The Abuse of UK MPs on Twitter. Paper presented to Violence against Politicians: Theories, Data, and Implications: Exploratory Seminar at the Radcliffe Institute, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA.
McLoughlin, L., & Southern, R. (2017). By Any Memes Necessary: Memes and Online Campaigning in the 2017 UK General Election. Paper presented to the Political Studies Association Media and Politics Group Annual Conference, University of Hull, 16-17 November.
McLoughlin, L., & Ward, S. (2017). Turds, Traitors and Tossers: The Abuse of UK MPs via Twitter. Paper presented to the European Consortium of Political Research Joint Sessions, University of Nottingham, 25-29th April
McLoughlin, L., Ward, S., Gibson, R., & Southern, R. (2016).MPs, Twitter and the EU Referendum Campaign. Paper presented to the Elections, Parties and Opinion Polls Conference, University of Kent, 8-10 September.
Stokel-Walker, C. (February 21st, 2023). TikTok’s Boob-Flashing Trend Is A Content Moderation Nightmare. Buzzfeed.
(January 11th, 2023). Big Tech transparency reports are a big mess. FastCompany.
Richards, X. (December 4th, 2022). Data Experts raise fresh questions on BBC’s probe into social media abuse. The Sunday National. (Print & Online).
Stokel-Walker, C. (November 11th, 2022). Content moderation experts: Elon is going about policing hate speech on Twitter all wrong? Fast Company.
(November 17th, 2022). Donald Trump will rely on multi-million war chest and loyal super fans to amplify his presidential message. The i.
Brawn, S. (November 10th, 2022). BBC Accused of producing ‘deeply flawed’ report on MP abuse on Twitter. The National. (Print [front page] + Online).
BBC Merseyside (November 9th, 2022). Helen Jones Show, on the Abuse of MPs on Twitter. Recording here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CZIlJdbexyA
Stokel-Walker, C (November 4th, 2022). Elon Musk’s own goal on buying Twitter shows he is more destructor than disruptor. The i.
BBC Radio Kent (January 24th, 2022). The Wake Up Call with Anna Cookson on Boris Johnson, Political Memes, and PartyGate. Recording here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Pe-MAkShDGs
Stokel-Walker, C. (June 23, 2021). TikTok says it has stopped post moderation from China after controversies around censorship and privacy. Business Insider.
Manavis, S. (June 15th, 2021). Who is responsible for Christian Eriksen’s cardiac arrest becoming a media spectacle? Newstateman.
McLoughlin, L. (March, 18th, 2021). What ethical responsibilities do social media researchers have to report harmful or illegal content? LSE Impact Blog
BBC Radio 5Live. (Multiple 2018-2020). Question Time: Extra Time.
Al Jazeera. (November 31st, 2019). Is abuse of UK politicians undermining democracy?
McLoughlin, L. (November 5th, 2019). Twitter’s ban on political ads does change the game in one way, The Conversation
Hits Radio/ Greatest Hits Radio (May 21st, 2019). Radio interview for news segment on Jeremy Kyle & the duty of care they have to their audience in relation to social media.
Kobie, N. (April 14th, 2018). Fighting Trolls With Your Friends. New Scientist. (Print)
McLoughlin, L. (January 30th, 2018). Youthquake was a ‘myth’, but social media campaigning is here to stay. The Conversation
Chakleian, A. (December 21st, 2017). Why don’t all ministers resign for lying? The mystery of the sackable offence. Newstateman
McLoughlin, L. (November, 1st. 2017). In light of O’Mara, we can expect our MPs to delete everything. PSA: Political Insight.
McLoughlin, L. & Ward, S. (July 25th. 2017). The people who abuse MPs online. The Conversation.
McLoughlin, L. (February 9th. 2017). Why do MPs keep resigning?. The Conversation.
Carmbrant, C. (May 3rd, 2014). Britterna väljer väg i valet (in Swedish). GP.SE (Print)
Education & Employment
|2019||University of Salford|
PhD – How social media is changing political representation in the United Kingdom
Pathway To Excellence Funded Scholarship
|2014||University of Manchester|
Distinction, Politics MA
Dissertation: Social Media & MP’s Public Communications, mark 83
|2013||University of Salford|
First-Class Honours, Politics Ba (Hons)
|2022 –||Lecturer in Media & Communication|
University of Liverpool
|2021 – 2022||Lecturer in Politics, School of Social Sciences|
University of Manchester
|2020 – 2021||Postdoctoral Research Fellow on the on Localising Content Governance project|
Birkbeck, University of London
|2018 – 2020||Associate lecturer, & Student Engagement Officer |
University of Salford
University of Liverpool
|2014 – |
Hazel Blears MP
|Co-Convener: Journalism and Politics (UG), Birkbeck, University of London (2021)|
|Co-Convener: Theoretical Perspectives on Media (MA), Birkbeck, University of London (2021)|
|Invited Lectures: Representation and the Internet in British Politics (UG), Birkbeck, University of London (2021)|
|Invited Lectures: Data and Electoral Campaigning (MA), Birkbeck, University of London (2021)|
|Co-Convener: Political Communication (UG), University of Salford (2020)|
|Seminar Leader: Introduction to Comparative Politics (UG), University of Salford (2020)|
|Module Leader: Politics & Democracy (UG), University of Salford (2018-|
|Co-Convener: E-Democracy/Politics and the Internet (UG), University of Salford (2018-|
|Marking (in addition to the above): Britain and the World & Political Communication.|
|Invited Lectures: ‘MPs, Social Media, & Political Communication‘ (UG), University of Manchester (2016-2018)|
|Invited Lecture: ‘Social Media and Political Campaigning‘ (UG), University of Liverpool (2017)|
|Workshops: ‘Research In the Digital Humanities‘ and ‘Collecting and Analysing social media data‘, University of Salford. (2018-2019)|
2021, March – As part of the ECN Committee – Special Recognition Award, PSA Annual Conference.
2020, December – Participatory and Deliberative Democracy Specialist Group ‘“reimagining democracy‘ photography Award.
2021 – Operations Officer and Founding member, Technology, Internet, and Policy (TIP) Specialist Group.
2021 – 2022, Trustee & Executive Committee, Political Studies Association.
2019-2021, Communication’s Officer, Political Studies Association’s Early Career Network.
Active in all aspects of the communication from the specialist group, and the promotion of early career scholars in the area of politics. I played a pivotal role in shifting the group (and the wider PSA) to virtual events and created the platform and format for both ‘#BecauseTheInternet’ (2020) and ‘Random Access Memories‘ (2021) virtual conferences.